ALPHABET SOUP: Terms, Titles, and Acronyms

Term / Title / AcronymMeaning
ADAAmericans with Disabilities Act (Public Law 101-336)
AFOAnkle-Foot Orthotic (brace)
ASLAmerican Sign Language
Acute regarding illness, develops quickly and is short in duration
An- prefix meaning “without”
Anoxia a condition of insufficient oxygen
Ante- prefix meaning “before”
Anti- prefix meaning “against”
Apgar Score score given to newborns, determines overall physical condition
Aphasia difficulty with language (expressing or understanding)
Apnea pause in breathing
Apraxia movement difficulties caused by brain damage
Asphyxia condition of too little oxygen in blood, risking brain damage or death
Aspirate when solid foods or liquids go down the wrong pipe and into the airway or lungs-blocking the ability to breathe
Atonic lacking muscle tone
Atypical unusual, different
Audiology study/practice of hearing & hearing disorders
BVI Blind/Visually Impaired
Baseline the measure of frequency, duration, and intensity of behavior or ability before intervention
CBC blood test to measure types and numbers of cells, red and white, platelet count is determined and so is hemoglobin concentration
Cardiologist Medical Doctor who specializes in evaluation and treatment of heart problems
Case Manager the person responsible for identifying, coordinating and monitoring services and supports for a child, including medical and health needs, transitions and parent skill building.
Central Nervous System brain and spinal cord: this area controls thinking, learning, speech and movement
CHIP Children’s Health Insurance Program
Chronic persistent, long lasting
Cognitive relating to developmental area that involves thinking skills
Congenital condition that is/was present at birth, acquired or inherited
Contracture muscle becomes fixed in rigid, abnormal position
CYSHEN Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs
DD Developmental Disabilities
DDU Disability Determination Unit
DHSS Department of Health and Social Services
DLC Disability Law Center
DPA Division of Public Assistance
DVR Division of Vocational Rehabilitation
Developmental Pediatrician a pediatrician with specialized training in diagnosing children with developmental disabilities
Dysarthria difficulty in speaking because of muscle movement and coordination
Dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
DEED Department of Education and Early Development
EPSDT Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment
EI Early Intervention
Endocrinologist a physician who specializes in treating problems of the endocrine system (glands that secrete into the bloodstream). This doctor might see a child with diabetes, growth, or hormone problems
ESER Evaluation Summary and Eligibility Review (part of an IEP)
Expressive Language communication by language, gesturing, sign language
FASD Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
FTT Failure to Thrive (growth that is affected by malnutrition or chronic health disorders)
GI gastrointestinal
Gait the manner of walking
Genetic Counselor provides information about hereditary disorders, confirms diagnosis and helps identify who in the family may be affected
Hematologist/Oncologist a doctor who specializes in the study and treatment of blood disorders/doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating cancer
Hypotonia low muscle tone, floppy
Hydrocephalus accumulation of fluid in the brain
IADL Independent Activities of Daily Living
IDD Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IFSPIndividual Family Service Plan
IEPIndividualized Education Program
ILP Infant Learning Program (sometimes referred to as EI or Early Intervention)
LDLearning Disabilities
LOC Level of Care
LOS/LON Letter of Support/Necessity
LRE Least Restrictive Environment
Multidisciplinary Teamgroup of professionals who each represent an area of expertise
Nebulizer device used to provide mist/oxygen with or without medicine
Neonate the term for a newborn baby during its first four weeks of life
Neonatologist a pediatrician who has received extra training in the care of sick newborns or premature babies
Nephrologist a doctor who specializes in treating the kidneys
Neurological Disorder disorders of nervous system, like Spina Bifida, Epilepsy, Neurofibromatosis
Neurologist a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the brain and nervous system
Neuropsychologist A psychologist who specializes in disorders associated with brain-based conditions
Neurosurgeon a doctor who specializes in surgery on brain, spinal cord and nerves
NFLOC Nursing Facility Level of Care
NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Nutritionist a specialist in nutrition who can help with health issues of food intake and diet
OHI Other Health Impaired
OT Occupational Therapist/Therapy
Ophthalmologist a doctor specializing in treatment and surgeries of the eyes
Orthopedist a doctor who specializes in bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and cartilage
Orthotics devices used to immobilize part of the body in order to prevent deformity or to assist with function
Otolaryngologist a doctor specializing in the diagnosis, treatment and surgery of ears, nose and throat. Also called an “ENT” Specialist
P&A Protection and Advocacy
P2P Parent to Parent/Peer to Peer
PCA Personal Care Attendant
PO for Latin words meaning “by mouth”
POC Plan of Care
PT Physical Therapist/Therapy
PTI Parent training and information center
Pediatrician a doctor who specializes in care for infants, children and adolescents
Periodontista dentist who specializes in treating the gums and tissues around the teeth
Perinatologist a pediatrician with specialized training in fetal and neonatal care
Prone Position lying on the stomach
Psychologist a non-medical professional who works in the field of brain function and human behavior
Rx abbreviation for prescription
Range of Motionflexibility that allows the span of movement possible of joints like wrists or hips
Receptive Language the understanding what is being communicated
ROI Release of Information
SDS Senior and Disability Services
SESA Special Education Service Agency
SLP Speech Language Pathologist
SN Special Needs
SOA State of Alaska
SSI/SSDI Supplemental Security Income/Social Security Disability Income
Shunt surgical procedure where catheter tube is used to drain excess fluid
Spastictight or stiff muscle tone causing difficulty with movement
Strabismus eyes are not aligned during a forward gaze
Supine lying on the back
TEFRA Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act; Medicaid eligibility based on disability
-tomy suffix meaning “cutting”
UAP University Affiliated Program
VIVisually Impaired
Waiversprograms through Medicaid to help provide services to individuals who need higher levels of care
WIC Women, Infants and Children – Nutrition Program provides education